Internet protocol (IP) cameras are used to monitor an area remotely. With the help of internet or local network, you can easily gauge the activities occurring at the site. IP cameras are digital video cameras that allow people to monitor in real-time or watch the video recordings of the previous day or distant past from the comfort of their home. There are various types of IP cameras designed for specific purposes. For example, for outdoor surveillance, there are dome shaped IP cameras. PTZ cameras provide different viewing angles while Infrared IP cameras come with night vision feature. Therefore, before investing, you should have a fair idea about the types of security cameras.

1. Centralized vs. Decentralized IP Cameras

Centralized IP cameras record all activities and store in a central video recorder that all cameras are linked with. This central recorder stores every day activities happening in your shop or home to let you see the footage any time even after a particular camera gets broken or stolen. Decentralized IP cameras are not attached to any central video recorder; they instead have their own storage capacity usually a hard drive or thumb drive to store the security footage. Decentralized storage means you have the least chance of losing all surveillance and security footage at once.

2. Wired vs. Wireless IP Cameras 

Wired security cameras are either connected to the internet or to your local network via Ethernet cables. With wired cameras, you hardly have the chance of facing an interruption, as these cameras offer maximum speed and bandwidth allocation. Wired IP cameras also produce high-definition images, and allow zooming in up to 1000x, if needed. Besides,wired cameras are more secured and cannot be hacked by a third party. Wireless security cameras can cover a wider area than wired cameras. They are easier to install, but since connected to the network by Wi-Fi or Bluetooth they have higher chances of getting hacked anytime. Besides, wireless camera images are not that clear compared to wired cameras. Also, a wireless system requires numerous components including routers, broadcasters, and receivers, if any one of them fails, you will face a blackout. Moreover, wireless signals do not enter buildings made of concrete, brick or stucco.

3. Fixed vs. PTZ Cameras 

Fixed IP cameras, as the name suggest are fixed in a particular position offering people certain fixed viewing angles. A fixed network camera is ideal to monitor the same area every day.

Although these cameras are fixed, people, if required, can upgrade their functionality using different lenses.

Contrary to this type of camera is a PTZ IP camera that can easily tilt and zoom whenever needed. You can control a PTZ security camera using your hands or automatically. They allow people to survey an area viewing at different angles and directions. Thus, you can easily track a suspicious object and zoom it to view more clearly.

4. Box vs. Dome IP Cameras 

Dome IP cameras can be easily hidden from people making it easier to get video footage of all activities and objects daily. Box IP camera is used for indoor security while Dome IP cameras can be easily fitted outdoors. To protect box IP cameras you need to build an enclosure. Dome shaped cameras are protected via the built-in weather-resistant casing. Another thing is viewing angle of the box and dome cameras. While box IP security system has limited viewing angle, with dome cameras, you will get better viewing angles. Also, dome IP cameras come with integrated infrared feature and interchangeable lens not found in traditional box IP cameras.Fixed and PTZ IP cameras come in box forms; however you can also buy dome IP cameras to enhance the look of your security system. Box IP cameras can be easily noticed from all angles or direction. It becomes easier for the intruders to find all cameras and break or steal them.

5. Day and Night IP Cameras

Day cameras can be bought to survey areas in the daytime. However, if you want nighttime surveillance as well, then you must invest in a camera that gives you crystal clear pictures of objects at night or in low light condition. Day and night security cameras produce full-color images during day and at night uses infrared light to produce black-and-white images.

6. Megapixel IP Cameras

Megapixel cameras have high-resolution lens to produce comprehensive images. The minimum resolution of a megapixel IP camera is 1280×1024 pixels. This type of camera requires a higher bandwidth and storage capacity than a regular network camera for easy transfer and storage of HD images and videos.


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